The ‘Land Of Kings’, “Rajasthan”, its the largest state in the Republic of India covering the area by 342,239 square kilometers (132,139 sq mi) or you can say 10.4% of total area of the country. Its situated on the northwestern side of India. Where most of the area is covered by the inhospitable Thar Desert, also known as “Rajasthan Desert and Great Indian Desert”. To the northwest Rajasthan shares border with provinces of Pakistani Punjab and Sindh to the west, along with the Sutlej-Indus river valley. On the other side it is bordered with 5 other Indian states: to north Punjab, the northeast Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh to southeast and Gujarat to the southwest.
Major features of Rajasthan includes:
- Ruins of Indus Valley Civilisation at Kalibanga
- The Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu in the ancient Aravalli mountain range.
- The Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life.
- Tiger reserves in Rajathan: Ranthambore National Park (Sawai Madhopur), Sariska Tiger Reserve (Alwar), Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve (Kota).
Rajasthan state was formed on 30th March 1949. Jaipur is the state capital and the largest city, other popular cities are Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner Ajmer, Jaisalmer and Udaipur.